(literally "Spreading Power from the Back Boxing", as tong means "through,"
bei means "back" and quan means "fist")basic precepts are Taoist in nature
and many of the training methods in Tongbei quan are similar to those of the
internal styles. In traditional Tongbei quan training, several parts are
included: basic training (stance, arm techniques, leg techniques and
conditioning), combinations, forms training, two-person free sparring,
weapons training, and qigong training.
Takes the five elements as its
core and back-through as its application. Back-through Boxing takes the five
elements of traditional Chinese philosophy as its basic theory. This
philosophy believes that heaven is an ecosystem while the human being is a
small one but the principles of the systems remains constant regardless of
the size. The five elements of the heaven are metal, wood, water, fire and
earth while those of the human being the heart, liver, spleen, lung and
kidney. The five elements of boxing are wrestling, batting, piercing, axing
and boring. The Chinese boxing philosophy believes that everything in the
world finds its roots in the five elements while all Boxing schools are also
based on its five elements. The following table demonstrates the
interrelations among the five elements of the heaven and those of the human
being and boxing:
Old Qi style
Qi Xin’s Lao Qi Pai basic training is based on 108 single methods, sometimes
called Chai Quan ("Divided Fists").
Qi Taichang's Shao Qi Pai variant is based on continuous using of the five
kinds of palm strikes. Each kind of strike is correlated with one of the
five elements (earth, metal, water, wood and fire), hence Shao Qi Pai is
also called Wu Xing Tongbeiquan ("Five Elements Tongbeiquan").
There are 6 basic sets of Shao Qi Pai Tongbeiquan.
Da Peng Zhang Yi ("Great bird spreads its wings")
Qi Xing Hua Ji (Changing of forms and transformations of strikes)
Yi Zi Lian Ji Pao("Continuous cannon strikes of one word")
Shi Er Lian Zhu Pao ("12 continuous cannon strikes"). This style does not
use single strikes, all strikes are linked together in sequences.
There are more advanced forms in Shao Qi Pai Tongbeiquan such as "3 Deadly
Palms": "Palm of Entangling the Soul", "Palm of Hunting the Soul" and "Palm
of Chopping the Soul."
Since the two Qi styles of Tongbeiquan are so widespread and has many more
forms, this version of Shi family is not as well-known, it is considered a
heterodox style and sometimes is called heiquan ("black fist"). The training
syllabus of Shi-style Tongbeiquan constitutes the following:
Six Primary Skills
Eight Older Fists (a short form)
Twelve Linking Fists (the number of fists may vary depending on lineage)
Twenty-Four Posture Form
Thirty-Six Take-Apart Fist (also a form)
108 individual techniques