Vovinam includes hand, elbow, kicks, escape-
and levering techniques. Both attack and defense techniques are trained, as
well as forms, combat and traditional wrestling.
The wide range of techniques include punching, kicking etc. as well as
forms, wrestling, sword, staff, axe, folding fan and others. Self defense
techniques cover defense against weaponless attacks like choking from behind
and defense against attacks with knife or sword.
Advanced students learn to combine the techniques and learn to defend
themselves against armed opponents. Instructors train traditional weapons
like the long stick, short stick, knife, sword and sabre. Thereby the
weapons serve as training devices for reaching optimal control of body and
Vovinam has some specialised techniques:
A group of leg grappling techniques that are designed to grab the opponent
by the feet or legs and take them down using twisting motions usable as a
surprise attack in a fight. There are 21 leg grappling techniques.
A backfist swung eg. to the temple.
A diagonally applied kick.
The wording can vary slightly between Vovinam schools.
Vovinam's disciples vow to pursue high proficiency in their martial art in
order to serve the people and humanity.
Promise to be faithful to the intentions and teaching of Vovinam and develop
the young generation of Vovinam Viêt Võ Dao
Be united in spirit and heart, respect one's elder, be kind to one's peers.
Respect discipline absolutely, maintain the high standard of personal
conduct and honour of a martial art disciple.
Have respect for other martial art schools, only use martial art skills for
self defense and protect justice.
Be studious, strengthen the mind, enrich one's thought & behavior.
Live simply, with chastity, loyalty, high principles and ethics.
Build up a spirit of steely determination and vigor, overcome powers of
Make intelligent judgments, carry out struggles with perseverance and act
Be self-confident, self-controlled, modest and generous.
Hand techniques ( đòn tay )
Elbow techniques ( chỏ )
Kicking techniques ( đá )
Knee techniques ( gối )
Forms ( Quyền, Song Luyện, Đa Luyện )
Attack techniques ( chiến lược )
Traditional wrestling ( Vật )
Leg Attack take-downs ( đòn chân tấn công)
Staff ( côn )
Sword ( kiếm )
Hallebarde ( Dai Dao )